NEW YORK—Offering a loyalty program is an effective way for retailers to acquire new customers, but it also fosters relationships for years to come. Setting up the framework, however, can be challenging—especially if retailers decide to handle everything in-house, according to a recent analysis by eMarketer.

“Last year, brands quickly discovered that loyalty was shifting as a result of the pandemic, because customers were shopping differently and had different needs,” Jeremy Goldman, eMarketer principal analyst at Insider Intelligence, said in the report. “This suggests that loyalty programs are more important than ever, but they need to be omnichannel, especially as more people are switching to ecommerce from traditional retail.”

In October 2020, Clarus Commerce polled 300 U.S. marketing and loyalty professionals. Specifically, 70 percent of respondents were those who managed their loyalty programs in-house, while the remaining 30 percent used a loyalty program vendor. As a result, the responses skewed more toward the frustrations of working on loyalty programs from scratch. Still, across the board, even those who outsourced the work found setting up loyalty programs to be challenging.

The largest share of respondents (37 percent) said competing priorities was one of the biggest barriers to launching a loyalty program. At many companies, loyalty often falls under the larger marketing or customer experience silo, therefore it's possible that the development of a loyalty program could pull from the same budget and resources that may be used for other marketing efforts.

In addition to "competing priorities," nearly a quarter (24 percent) of respondents said they lacked the internal resources needed to build and manage their loyalty programs. And 19 percent of respondents said they lacked IT support.

Marketers may be struggling to get their loyalty initiatives up and running, but if there was ever a time to do so, it’s now—especially when consumer shopping behavior is changing. A March 2020 survey from Valassis found that brand loyalty had shifted at the onset of the pandemic. Some 21 percent of U.S. internet users said they were purchasing a mix of their usual brands, as well as new ones. Nearly as many (19 percent) cited feeling less "brand loyal" and were purchasing from whatever brand was available, while slightly fewer (13 percent) said they were using the pandemic as an opportunity to explore new brands.