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Among men who have not been vaccinated against COVID-19, having low levels of testosterone may increase the risk of hospitalization from the disease―but hormone therapy appears to reduce the likelihood of severe COVID, researchers have found.

Low testosterone has long been linked to multiple chronic conditions, including obesity, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes, as well as acute conditions, such as heart attack and stroke. A study published earlier in the pandemic suggested that suppressing the sex hormone might protect against COVID-19. The new study, published this month in JAMA Network Open, is among the first to suggest a link between low testosterone and the risk for severe COVID.

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis evaluated data from 723 unvaccinated men who had been infected with SARS-CoV-2. Of those, 116 had been diagnosed with hypogonadism, and 180 were receiving testosterone supplementation. Head over to Medscape to read the full story.